Kerala is changing the demographic transition as the mortality and fertility levels have dropped.
The drop is majorly due to migration. This migration has played a critical role in shaping the future demographic scenario in the state. It results in which the state’s economy has also been affected. Kerala achieved the Infant death Rate status below 25 decades ago. The state had further seen a reduction in the death Rate to 10 in recent times.
The life expectancies of male and female birth in Kerala were 44.2 years and 48.1 years. Now, it has advanced to 72.2 years and 78.2 years presently. As a result of the fall in mortality level, fertility levels have also reduced. And this has even worried the Government. The combined effect of death and birth rates decline has affected the population’s natural growth rate. However, there has been a drastic increase in the Kerela population. This increase has been since 1960, which is double what it was earlier.
Since the state formation, age-specific growth rates have significantly declined. The same is witnessed in the overall population growth rates, except for the senior citizen population. The young population of 0-14 years has shown negative growth rates during the last few decades. The local migration in British colonized countries like Malaysia and Singapore has contributed to the declining mortality rate. Heavy migration from Kerala to other countries took place majorly because of the oil industry’s growth and development.
At the same time, most of the people from Kerala moved across states in India. Kerala Government states that there will be a further decline in international migration. This migration will be from Kerala to traditional destinations due to aging factors. Since the past few years, massive migration and the citizens’ current health and living standards have contributed to the same.